Mining and mineral industries in India are one of the oldest surviving sectors that have been existing since ancient times. It includes extraction of costly minerals, or other geological ores like metals, coal, gemstones, rocksalt, clay, gravel, limestone, potash and dimension stone along with load, vein, seem or reef. Basically there are two types of mining, one is open cast or surface mining and the other includes underground mining where it contributes 10% to 11% of the total economy of India. Before liberalization Indian Government used to deal sensibly about the mining sector but later with the advent of liberalization and implementation of law it showed a much progress in this sector that leads to the world’s 3rd largest producer of iron ore and 5th largest producer of bauxite. Even India stands first in producer of Sheet mica and with all these valuable minerals and profits, mining and metal industry is going be one of the leading sectors in the upcoming years.
The operations of the mining and metal industries have been equally divided into public and private sector undertaking. Following are the list of leading top 10 mining companies.
Best Mining Companies In India
10. Bharat Aluminium Company:
BALCO is an Indian aluminium company that was established in the year 1965.It was under public sector until 2001 and later it was taken by the Vedanta resources. It is the first integrated aluminium industry in India that holds first Captive Power Plant in its unit. It is engaged in the production of aluminium alloys and special aluminium for transmission lines and missiles. BALCO is the first mining company to produce Alloy Rods for conductors used in power transmission industry.
Address: Bharat Aluminium Company Limited, Aluminium Sadan, Core – 6, Scope Office Complex,
Lodi Road, New Delhi – 110 003.
9. Kudremukh Iron Ore Company Limited:
It is a government owned company established in the year 1976. It is one of the top rated mining companies that is engaged in mineral exploration, mine and iron ore concentrate business. The Kudremukh mine is known to be one of the largest iron ore mines in the world and most of the administrative activities of KIOCL are carried out from Bangalore and also holds a pellet planet with a capacity of 4 million tons per year.
Address: Block II, Koramangala, Sarjapura Road, Bangalore-560 034.
8. Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation:
It is one of the leading mining companies in India established in the year 1963. It produces wide range of minerals that include lignite, base metals and industrial minerals like bauxite and fluorspar. GMDC started mining operations at Rajpardi near Ankleshwar in 1984, and has been supplying lignite to majority of the textile industries from this mine.
Address: Gujarat Mineral Development Corporation Limited, 132 feet – Ring Road, Vastrapur, Ahmedabad – 380052.
Rajasthan State Mines and Minerals limited is a public sector enterprise of the Government of Rajasthan that is primarily engaged in mining and marketing of industrial minerals. It aims to offer cost effective technological innovations in mining and minerals and to diversify into mineral based downstream projects. It is engaged in mining operations of Rock Phosphate, Lignite, SMS grade Limestone and Gypsum. It is the leading producer of mining and selling of Rock phosphate and gypsum and also stands as a global pioneer in technology in open cast mining and mineral beneficiation of Carbonate Rock Phosphate.
Address: 4, Meera Marg, Udaipur- 313 004, India.
6. Hindustan Copper Limited:
It is a government company working under the ministry of mines that was established in the year 1967. It is the first Indian copper producer to be accredited with ISO 9002 certification and holds wide range of activities ranging from mining, beneficiation, smelting, refining and casting of refined copper metal. Company also markets cathodes, copper wire bar, continuous cast copper rod and by-products, such as anode slime (containing gold, silver, etc.), copper sulphate and sulphuric acid where more than 90% of the sales revenue is from cathode and continuous cast copper rods.
Address: 1, Ashutosh Chowdhury Avenue, Kolkata – 700019
5. Hindalco Industries:
Hindalco is was established in 1958 by Aditya Birla group and is one of the largest aluminium rolling companies and one of the biggest producers of primary aluminium in Asia. It also holds other operation like bauxite mining, alumina refining and aluminium smelting to downstream rolling, extrusions, foils, along with captive power plants and coal mines. In 2007 by acquisition of Novelis Inc., it made a significant milestone in the history of the aluminium industry in India.
Address: Hindalco Industries Ltd, Century Bhavan, 3rd floor, Dr. Annie Besant Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030
National Aluminum Company limited is a government owned organization established in the year 1981. It is one of the Asia’s largest mining industries in India that deals with bauxite mining, alumina refining, aluminium smelting and casting, power generation, rail and port operations. It is a branch of Navaratna Company and tries to satisfy the customers and shareholders with its operations. It continuously develops human resources and creates safe working conditions that help to improve productivity and quality by reducing the cost and waste.
Address: Nalco Bhawan, Plot No. P/1, Nayapalli, Bhubaneswar, Orissa-751061.
3. NMDC Limited:
National Mineral Development Corporation is a Government organization that was established in 1966. It comes under ministry of steel and holds 5 different branches in Karnataka, Chhattisgarh, Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka which produces iron, dolomite, limestone, gypsum, bentonite, copper, diamond, tin, beach sand, magnesite, tungsten etc. NMDA projects holds ISO 9001 certification for all its iron ore mines and R and D center which has been declared as “Center Of excellence” by UNIDO.
Address: Khanij Bhavan, Masab Tank, Hyderabad – 500028, INDIA.
2. Hindustan Zinc Limited:
It was established in the year 1966 and is known to the world’s leading producer of Zinc and silver. Its head office is located at Udaipur, Rajasthan and also holds world’s largest Zinc mine in Rampura Agucha. Its mission is to enhance the stake holders value through exploration, innovation and operational excellence. Company tries to maintain sustainability with core values and also values entrepreneurial spirit at the work place. It equally cares about the health, safety and environment performance.
Address: Hindustan Zinc Limited, Yashad Bhawan, Udaipur – 313 004, Rajasthan, India.
It is one among the top mining companies in India that was listed in London Stock exchange and focused towards the globally diversified natural resources with major interests on Zinc, Lead, Silver, Copper, Iron, Ore, Aluminium, Power, Oil and gas. Company was established in 1976 and runs its operation in many international countries along with India. Accountability is the characteristic of Vedanta’s work philosophy and adopts best practices to fulfill the customer needs in safe and responsible manner.
Address: Vedanta resources, Core – 6, 3rd Floor, Scope Complex 7, Lodhi Road, New Delhi-110003